Have you ever been lying awake at night and you encounter a thought that you just can’t seem to get rid of. It may be worrying something bad will happen to a family member, a sense that something catastrophic will happen in your next exam, or that your blog post will be horrendously reviewed. If you have, it is possible that you have experienced ‘Intrusive Thoughts’.
What are intrusive thoughts?
Intrusive thoughts are comprised of typically unwanted negative thoughts and images that are particularly difficult to dismiss. These thoughts are often defined as entering into our conscious experience without a desire for them to be there. It is suggested that the most distressing aspect of intrusive thoughts, is not the thought itself, but rather the perceived lack of control of your thoughts.
Although a large proportion of research into intrusive thoughts focuses on the association between negative thoughts and Obsessive compulsive disorders (OCD), the evidence suggests that intrusive thoughts are not necessarily indicative of psychological disorder. Adam Radomsky, director of the Center for Clinical Research in Montreal has researched this phenomenon extensively in both individuals with and without OCD. Interestingly this research determined that almost everyone has intrusive thoughts and that they are subsequently a normal part of being human. Radomsky went on to explain that it’s “not the unwanted, intrusive thoughts that are the problem — it’s what you make of those thoughts“
Tips for Effectively Managing Intrusive Thoughts
Don’t Suppress Thoughts
Although it may seem natural to try and suppress negative intrusive thoughts that may occur, this approach may be counterproductive for positive psychological well-being. A large number of studies have demonstrated that denial of intrusive thoughts are largely ineffective at removing them. A research study by Purdon in 2007 identified that only 11% of suppression attempts were successful in removing a negative thought.
Allow Thoughts to Flow
Intrusive thoughts can become more distressful the more that we try to actively stop them. It is suggested that this occurs because trying to suppress them brings them to the forefront of our minds, making them more likely to reoccur. Instead of suppressing the intrusive thoughts, allowing them to run their natural course will be a more strategic long-term strategy to reduce distress. One way which you can practice this is by using reflective talk such as ‘I am having this negative though- instead of focusing on it, I accept that I am having it and will eventually let it pass’. This will not only help you become more self-aware but will reduce the negative burden of having these thoughts.
Shift Focus When Needed
It may appear obvious but trying to engage your mind in another activity may help in reducing intrusive thoughts. Most often negative thoughts come to us when our minds are ‘quiet’ or when we feel burnt-out and stressed. Researchers suggest that intrusive thoughts can be reduced by finding an activity that can attract our attention to. Our primitive minds only have a finite capacity for stimuli, therefore by shifting our focus to an activity that can engage our brain, we actively move these intrusive thoughts to the background. If you experience intrusive thoughts maybe try, listening to music, watching a movie, socializing with friends, or exercising!
Seek Professional Support
Most importantly, it is important to always utilize health care professionals if your intrusive thoughts are negatively affecting your day-to-day, work, academic or social life. When intrusive thoughts become chronic or persistent, they can lead to a feeling of isolation. This is problematic as if these thoughts worsen, they may become increasingly difficult to manage alone. There are a host of reasons for the onset of intrusive thoughts such as trauma, anxiety disorders or grief, therefore if you feel like you are unable to manage these thoughts yourself- seek support from a mental health professional.
Although intrusive thoughts are a natural phenomenon that most people experience, it is completely rational for them to upset and incite negative emotions. Whether you chose to get help by practicing reflective talking, moving your focus away, or seeking professional support, reducing intrusive thoughts is fundamentally about forgiving yourself. Reducing the pressure, you place on yourself to not have these thoughts, will provide you more head space allowing you to return to a less stressed state.